Practice Areas

Our team of specialist lawyers offer legal advice and representation on the following:

Our team of lawyers can handle all your personal or commercial legal needs.  Just call our Client Management Team for a free no obligation quote or list of available options open to you.

For further details please click on one of the above areas of law or read our comprehensive articles.

Removal of Obstructive Executors

When creating a Will, every individual has complete freedom to choose who their executors are. These can be close family members, friends or even the monarch but are usually those people that you trust the most to carry out your wishes ...

Read More...

Difference between Separation & Divorce?

A divorce legally puts an end to your marriage and enables you to separate and legally divide your assets and finances from your partner’s. In contrast, during a legal separation you draft together a settlement agreement that sets out the rights ...

Read More...

Infringement of IP Rights

Q: What is Intellectual property? A: Intellectual Property (IP) ascribes the legal right that exists in products of human creativity. IP is divided into two categories:  Industrial property, which includes inventions (patents), trademarks such as your logo, company name or ...

Read More...

Handling squatters in commercial premises

The standard route is to commence proceedings in the County Court. In exceptional circumstances you can issue in the High Court. In the Claim Form you will be seeking an Order for Summary Possession.  A hearing can be given within a ...

Read More...

Starting a Business, How hard can it be?

A City Law Firm Limited started up in 2009 right smack in the middle of the recession, how hard could it be? Well 6 years later growing from 2 to 10 fee earners, triple turnover, a whole floor of offices and ...

Read More...

Same-sex relationship: Acquiring parental rights

There are many ways for same sex couples to have children and fulfill their dreams of having a family.  The parenthood and fertilisation laws are developing to keep pace with each other, but it is important to seek legal advice ...

Read More...

Raising capital: Crowdfunding

Crowdfunding is a new phenomena for businesses to raise capital by selling their equity to a large number of individuals, typically over the internet. Crowdfunding is also used for raising funds for individual projects or campaigns. The practice of Crowdfunding ...

Read More...

Surrogacy Law in more detail...

Our surrogacy lawyers provide advice below on the current surrogacy laws: From 6th April 2010 the surrogacy rules were revolutionized regarding the assignment of parental rights and the recording of non-biological parents on a child’s birth certificate. How the law works and ...

Read More...

Do you need to apply for an injunction?

An Injunction is an equitable remedy in the form of a Court Order that usually requires a person to do or refrain from doing something. However, they may also require a person to positively do something to prevent what would be ...

Read More...

Recognising Overseas Relationships

Have you ever considered having your civil partnership ceremony on white sands and an ocean backdrop? Heterosexual couples can get married abroad and, permitted it is legal in that country, homosexual couples can get a partnership abroad too.  Does that mean ...

Read More...

Recovering your debt if the debtor is abroad

If you are a creditor you will still be able to recover your debt and the costs are not as prohibitive as you may think. In particular this is easier if the debtor is within an EU country; the country has ...

Read More...

Franchise Agreements

Have you been offered a franchise or do you need to renew or sell yours? If so, let our team assist you, with clear and swift legal advice. We offer comprehensive advice for a fixed fee, which remain competitive and ...

Read More...

Starting up a new business in 2016

Free 30 minute consultation and fixed - discounted fees for your first year. Start Up Business Advice Comprehensive legal advice for Business Start-ups in clear language by someone who understands - we offer a bespoke service , with discounted fixed fees, to ...

Read More...

Are you a shadow director, does it matter?

It is important that all business owners and those contemplating commencing a business are aware of the issues surrounding shadow directors and how someone may accidentally become one. What is a shadow director? A shadow director is someone who is not ...

Read More...

Practice Areas

Practice Areas

Our team of specialist lawyers offer legal advice and representation on the following: Family Law Divorce/ Dissolution Finance on Separation Cohabitation Disputes and Separations Injunctions and Domestic Abuse Prenuptial and Civil Partnership Agreements Child Law Adoption Child Maintenance Child Orders Co-Parenting Fertility Law Parental Responsibility Surrogacy Private Client Wills & Trusts Probate Powers of Attorney Relocating to the UK ...

Read More...

Why is it important to make a Will?

If you die without making a Will, all your property and finances (your estate) will be distributed by the intestacy rules, meaning that you cannot control who receives your property. For example you will be unable to ensure that ...

Read More...

Is Your Company Formed Correctly?

It is important that your company is correctly formed. Most companies intend to be limited by shares, but you will be surprised by the frequency of companies 'accidentally' set up to be limited by guarantee.  Is your company correctly formed? It is ...

Read More...

What is Discrimination?

Do you know your maternity rights or rights on returning to work? At A City Law Firm Limited, we have a team of lawyers offering specialist advice on all aspects of employment law. We appreciate the stress (and joy) of ...

Read More...

Paternity Leave and Pay: Know your rights

Statutory Paternity Leave is a maximum of two weeks’ leave, following the birth of a child, taken in order to support the mother or care for the new child.  It can be taken as a single week or two consecutive ...

Read More...

Surrogacy: Becoming recognised parents

Having a child is both an exciting and daunting prospect for any parent, but choosing to have a surrogacy arrangement can be even more daunting due to the complex issues involved. Surrogacy arrangements are intricate and involve a number of different ...

Read More...

Protecting your assets: Start-up to Divorce

You work hard to start your own company and invest time and effort into making it work, only to have problems either with fellow colleagues or, more personally, at home.  So how do you protect your assets when either starting ...

Read More...

TUPE Regulations 2006

TUPE is a complicated area of law and if you do not comply fully with the rules, or take time to consider the consequences carefully, it can be expensive and disastrous for those buying or selling their businesses. If you are going ...

Read More...

Nannies, Child Minders or Nursery obligations

Legal considerations when choosing your childcare provider A parent has a number of important decisions to make in relation to choosing who will care for their child when they are not able to do so, especially if they intend to return ...

Read More...

Recovery of pre-action legal costs

“Can I recover my costs from the other side?” This is one of the first questions asked in any dispute in which solicitors are involved and an important consideration when weighing up the commercial viability of pursuing a person for ...

Read More...

Maternity Leave and Pay: Know Your Rights!

Pregnant employees are entitled to take 26 weeks’ Ordinary Maternity Leave and 26 weeks Additional Maternity Leave, irrespective of their length of service or the number of hours worked each week.  You may not return to work during the two weeks immediately ...

Read More...

HIV and the Workplace

Does my employer have the right to know that I am HIV positive? You are not obliged to tell your employer or work colleagues anything about your sexual orientation or HIV status. However, there may be advantages to you for ...

Read More...

Co-Parenting: Alternative but Effective

Every family is different; every child’s upbringing unique. However, having more than two adults in a child’s life is not particularly uncommon in a modern family, as couples separate and new partners arrive on the scene. Step-parents have been an ...

Read More...

Confidentiality and Restrictive Covenants

Whether employed or self-employed people assisting your business will have access to your trade secrets, supplier lists and client names and addresses. If someone leaves your employment or starts-up a side-business they could potentially cause you losses: they could solicit business ...

Read More...

Thinking of selling your business?

If you’re thinking about selling your business, the process can proceed more smoothly if the business owner has prepared their business for sale. This applies whether you’re selling the assets or the shares (which is an option if the business ...

Read More...

Benefit to High Net Worth Individuals

An increasing number of Individuals are taking advantage of the fiscal and lifestyle advantages attainable by establishing residency in Gibraltar, which has no physical presence requirements. HIGH NET WORTH INDIVIDUALS TAX ADVANTAGES OFF-SHORE An increasing number of Individuals are taking advantage of the fiscal and ...

Read More...

Is the Equality Gap Closing?

Family Care asks: With National Careers Week and International Women's Day falling in the same month, what better time than to discuss where equality in the workplace is for women. From your viewpoint, has the equality gap begun to close? ...

Read More...

The Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act

This Act is already in force and has had a substantial impact upon the LGBT community for lesbian or gay couples wishing to have children through fertility treatment. What does the Act do? The Act allows a lesbian couple (A and B) ...

Read More...

Employers Settlement Agreements

We can meet you immediately & honour costs offered by your employer. Professional, proactive and experienced in negotiating settlement agreement terms. What is a Settlement Agreement formally known as a Compromise Agreement? A 'Settlement agreement' is a legally binding agreement which is considered a ...

Read More...

Using Social Media at Work

Employees who discuss their opinions openly on websites are at risk of finding that their messages are deemed malicious, damaging, and / or unlawful. Disciplinary action could easily follow. Human rights, such as freedom of expression, may not be a good ...

Read More...

Empty Judgments...insolvent defendant?

Empty Judgments: What to do when faced with an insolvent defendant company. It is a claimant’s nightmare: succeed in obtaining a judgment against a defendant company only to find that the company is insolvent or does not have sufficient means to ...

Read More...

Do your T&Cs do what you want them to?

Terms and Conditions (Ts & Cs) are an essential part of all businesses. They should provide clarity for customers and strike a fair balance to encourage business while offering you sufficient protection from the distraction and cost of disputes. Inadequately ...

Read More...

Creditor vs. Debtor

Escaping debt if leaving the UK permanently... More and more people are fleeing the UK for many reasons, but one trend appears to be to escape debt. People who have run up credit cards or their businesses have ceased trading or are ...

Read More...

Recorded Conversations: Can we use them in court?

In this day and age you can buy recording devices from high street shops to a standard that even MI5 would be proud of. It is surprisingly easy.  However, recording conversations without the participant’s knowledge is essentially considered a breach of ...

Read More...

Surrogacy & Employment Rights

Do Intended Parents have the right to receive maternity or paternity leave where a surrogate mother has given birth to a child? As from 5th April 2015, the Children and Families Act grants applicants for Parental Orders in surrogacy arrangements the ability to ...

Read More...

Government pension reforms

The recent reforms have implemented a new auto-enrolment scheme where employers are required to enrol eligible employees into a pension scheme automatically. Employers are also required to contribute to their employees’ pension funds. Auto-enrolment Employees that are eligible for the auto-enrolment ...

Read More...

Civil Partnership Act 2004

The Civil Partnership Act 2004 has changed the law to allow couples who were in a same sex relationship to formally register their relationship. The Act conveys to civil partners basically the same rights and responsibilities as married couples enjoy, ...

Read More...

The Dangers of Representing Yourself

All change The landscape of litigation has changed considerably this year. The guiding principle of the courts to deal with cases justly appears to have been qualified by the requirement that cases are run efficiently and at proportionate cost. In short, this ...

Read More...

Director's Duties: What it actually involves!

As a Director, you will probably already understand the day to day decisions for the company and the metaphorical buck now stops firmly with you, but what about company procedures, legal duties, lifetime liabilities and the ‘fine print’ of being ...

Read More...

Used a US Surrogate & returning to the UK?

The law in the UK in relation to Surrogacy Arrangements is complicated and can lack the certainty that most couples wanting to have children seek.Many British couples are therefore attracted to going abroad, where in some countries, a much more ...

Read More...

Smart Phone: Employee Weapon of Choice!

The smart phone, a seemingly innocent accessory, has revealed itself as a much more dangerous weapon against employers. The Smart Phone – an Employee’s weapon of choice! The smart phone, a seemingly innocent accessory, has revealed itself as a much more dangerous ...

Read More...

Disabled Relative: Your Employment Rights

An employer's duty, to make reasonable adjustments for a disabled employee, does NOT extend to an employee who is “associated” with a disabled person. What does associated mean? The Court of Appeal in Hainsworth v Ministry of Defence [2014] EWCA ...

Read More...

Do I need a Pre-Nuptial or Pre-CP Agreement?

The Civil Partnership Act 2004 and Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2015 updated the law to provide equality to couples in a same sex relationship.  However, while the same legal rights and protection have been afford to same sex couples, similarly ...

Read More...

What’s in a name? Just Google it! 

Google has become so renowned and ingrained in our daily lives that it’s the first thing that pops into your head when you want to know the answer to almost anything. “Google it” has become an in-built reaction to being asked a ...

Read More...

Why have a shareholders agreement?

You have a great concept or product, funding and perhaps a friend, relative or colleague that wants to join forces with you. The key to any successful business is good advice, support and above all appreciate the risks, liabilities involved ...

Read More...

The effect of: Consumer Rights Act 2015

Christmas lists have been created and movies, music and apps for loved ones are now being sourced & downloaded. Business will be booming for digital moguls, but be aware the amended rules give your consumers protection never before bestowed. The Consumer ...

Read More...

‘Legal tips’ for any new business venture

You’ve had a great idea for a business; you’ve set yourself up and may even have staff working for you; perhaps you’re now looking for your first premises or your first client seeking professional legal advice at the earliest possible stage ...

Read More...

Divorce & Dissolution:Hide/undervalue your assets?

You meet a man, you fall in love. You decide to commit, you do not wish to be un-romantic and discuss pre-nuptial agreements. You enter into your Civil Partnership or marry. You then wish you hadn’t. It seems what’s yours is ...

Read More...

A “nonsensical” time-bar: broken or bent a little?

In 2014, the President of the Family Division had a case before him where he updated the more literal statutory interpretation of the Parental Order process with a more flexible child focused version.  Although it will remain fact specific, an ...

Read More...

Top Tips to Attract Investors

How much control can you afford to relinquish?  It is essential you decide on this early on , as it is very easy to accept an investors terms when they are offering you a much needed cash injection. What level of ...

Read More...

Surrogacy Scandal

Surrogate twin abandoned by intended parents, has the UK law really thought its policies through? Do you leave the surrogate mother to tend to a child she didn't plan on or force the intended parent to take a child she is ...

Read More...

What is a Settlement Agreement?

A Settlement Agreement is a legally binding agreement following the termination of your employment between your employer and employee. It is used often as a means of resolving a grievance or disciplinary during your employment or in some cases of redundancy. ...

Read More...